By Bob Schulman

Memo to visitors to Cancun: Sometime during your stay, chances are you’re going to tear yourself away from the powdery beaches to tour some of the ancient Maya cities dotting the Yucatan Peninsula. Like Tulum, where the walled city -- perched over the aquamarine waters of the Caribbean -- must have lit up like a fireball in the morning when the first rays of the sun began bouncing off its once-crimson-colored temples, shrines and towers (perhaps explaining why it was originally called Zama, or City of the Dawn).

Tulum is one of Mexico’s most-visited archaeological sites.

How about climbing up a 140-foot-high pyramid at the city-state of Coba (if you can make it all the way to the top, you’ll be rewarded by a dazzling view of this immense city, spread out as far as you can see in any direction)?

Tourists scale the pyramid at Coba. Or maybe you’d like to take an inland tour to Chichen Itza, home of the Maya super-god Kukulkan. Besides his towering pyramid, waiting there for tourists are sights like the eye-popping Temple of the Warriors, a ball court (where losing teams lost a lot more than the game) and a huge cenote well (where legends say maidens, weighted down by gold and jade, were tossed into the water to please the gods).

Back in Cancun, the local tourism folks want you to know about a way to make you less of a stranger to sites like these before you set out to see them.

About mid-way on Cancun’s 17-mile-long main drag, Kukulkan Blvd., is a US$15 million museum showcasing the ancient roots of the Maya culture. On display at the Museo Maya de Cancun are over 350 Maya artifacts along with maps of the archaeological sites peppering the region and run-downs on what you’ll see at the various ruins.

“Visitors still might not be able to tell a chankanaab from a chacmool, but they’ll come away from the museum with a much better understanding of who the ancient Maya were, how they lived and how the archaeological sites fit into that picture,” says Andres Palacios, a Cancun-based strategic marketing manager for the Royal Holiday vacation club.

Opened in late 2012, the museum has three exhibition areas displaying everything from colorful pottery to jaguar masks to wall carvings depicting battles between Maya city-states. Cost of admission to the museum and the adjoining San Miguelito archaeological site is a little under US$5.

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