On the road to Sodom and Gomorrah

By Bob Schulman

Tourists check out the famous map of Madaba. Photo by Bob Schulman.It's so rare you'd think it would be in a glass case, or at least in a part of the church where tourists can't walk on it. But it's not, and there's just a dinky little chain between you and a 1,400-year jump back in time.

You're in the ancient Jordanian city of Madaba, about a half-hour's ride south of the country's capital at Amman. Before you got to the church, you might have stood in the shadow of Moses looking out at The Promised Land atop nearby Mount Nebo, waded in the waters where Jesus was baptized and scampered around the ramparts of crusader forts in the desert.

At Madaba, history comes alive right under your feet on a mosaic map of The Holy Land on the floor of the Byzantine church of Saint George. Dating back to the 6th century A.D., the vivid artwork – crafted with as many as 2 million tiny tiles – is said to be the oldest surviving map of the heartland of the bible.

Jerusalem (center of photo) is depicted in detail. Covering an area of about the size of a garage floor, the map stretches from Lebanon south to the Nile delta and from the Mediterranean to the eastern Jordanian desert. It shows the locations of well over 100 hills, valleys, villages and towns, some with details such as the gates and churches of Jerusale

m and a ring of palm trees around Jericho.

When it was discovered in the late 1800s, the map was an historical bombshell. Many of its locations (tagged in Greek) easily translated to biblical names, but one sent historians and archaeologists into a frenzy of joy. That was the site of the city of Zoar.

Why Zoar? Tour guide Mahmoud Aballah explains: “Because that place is mentioned several times in the Bible (for instance, Genesis 13:10 and 19:30) as a neighbor to the two evil cities of Sodom and Gomorrah. We still don't know for sure where they were – other than some likely spots at the southern end of the Dead Sea – but now we know where Zoar was.” You guessed it, the map shows Zoar at the southern end of the Dead Sea.

Dozens of ancient churches and mosques jam Madaba's Archaeological Zone.

And what was the purpose of the map? Again from Aballah: “That's still a mystery, too, but there's a good chance it was a road map for pilgrims heading to The Holy Land.”

Besides checking out the map, you could spend a lot more time in Madaba at other historic churches, many of which also had sprawling mosaics (but not maps of the area). Also packing in tourists around the town are the remains of sites where the flags of everyone from Israelite kings to Islamic caliphs once flew.

(SOD-5) Bus-loads of visitors pack Madaba's souvenir shops. Photo by Bob Schulman.

After all that, and maybe picking up a few scarfs, water pipes, camel's hair purses, silverware and “I (heart) Madaba” tee-shirts in the city's wall-to-wall  souvenir shops, you're ready to get back on the highway for a short ride to the Dead Sea. Perhaps you'll spend the night at a luxury resort there, maybe even treat yourself to a mud-covered dip in the sea. Get a good rest, because you'll need it the next day for your tour of the miles of cliffside ruins at Petra 130 or so miles down the highway.

Along the way, at the southern tip of the Dead Sea, keep an eye out for likely locations of Sodom, Gomorrah and Zoar.

Getting there: Royal Jordanian Airlines schedules nonstop flights to Amman from four North American gateways: New York-JFK, Chicago-O'Hare, Detroit and Montreal, Canada.

More info: Check out the Jordan Tourism Board's site, www.visitjordan.com.

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